Brighter Pathways ©  2017

Welcome!. Dr. M.. Our Office. Main Services. Follow-up Services. Interventions. Third Pig Book. Self-Help . The Project. School Confusion. Testing/Diagnoses. Gifted & Talented. Learning Disabilities. ADD/ADHD. Behavior/Emotional. Our Therapy Dogs. Dr. M's Messages. Location/Contact Us.

1237 E. Livingston Street, Suite B

Orlando, FL 32803-5401

Ph: 407-895-0540 ~ Fax: (407) 228-9771

Licenses:  SS00305 ~ MH02676 ~ PCE-9

Home
For preschool and Kindergarten children, Dr. Messenger offers a special version of assessment.  The same major areas are evaluated as in a Gifted/Cognitive Evaluation, that is, intellectual assessment and academic readiness.  In addition, other areas which would usually be addressed in an Intervention Consultation (IC), such as processing or behavioral/emotional adjustment, can be screened.  The reason such flexibility is important is that many tests which are appropriate for school-age children are not suitable for younger children, of pre-school or Kindergarten age.  

For the early ages, emphasis is primarily upon identifying developmental levels compared to other children the exact same age.  
















The Early Childhood Evaluation is appropriate to answer questions such as:  

Is my child ready for Kindergarten? Would waiting a year be better?

Does my child have any "red flags" of Processing Problems or Learning Disabilities I can address now?  

Is my child's restless behavior typical or not for the age?  

Is my child advanced?  

Is there developmental delay?












Areas Assessed

1.  Intellectual:  This testing provides a "baseline" of ability level. It will provide information as to whether your child is within expectancy for the age.  It will also give a picture of strengths and weaknesses.  If the results place your child in the upper 2% of the population, they can be submitted for Gifted placement in the public school system if your child is registered for Kindergarten at the time of the testing (public school policy). Dr. Messenger's evaluations are appropriate and acceptable for all school systems within the state of Florida and often other states as well, depending on their criteria.   

The most common IQ tests used for young children at Brighter Pathways are:

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale: Fifth Edition (SB-5) – Age 2 yrs, 0 mo +

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) – Age 6 yrs, 0 mo +

Wechsler Preschool and Primary Test of Intelligence-Fourth Edition (WPPSI-IV) – Age 2 yrs, 6 mo +

Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scale (RIAS) – Age 3 yrs, 0 mo +

Other practitioners, both in public and private settings may use other instruments. These tests are presented as the most valid and reliable ones for this age in Dr. Messenger’s experience.

There are critical differences among the tests.  They vary in factors such as how much emphasis is placed upon speed, numerical reasoning and paper-and-pencil manipulation. Dr. Messenger will determine during the session which test is the best match by administering a number of sample items from each one.  














2.  Academic and Readiness Skills:  This testing provides information about a child's school skills-or readiness to start Pre-K, K, or 1st grade.  At very young ages, concepts include size, shape and color up to directions and time (before, after, etc.) Somewhat higher skills are copying designs, matching and naming letters and numbers, and writing one's name.  Later skills include basic reading (matching, saying letters and sounds, sight words, phonics and possibly some reading comprehension); basic math (written problems and orally administered word problems with pictures); and basic writing (staying within a maze, copying, writing letters and spelling one’s name or simple words).

3.  Behavioral/Processing:  Testing in this area will vary depending upon the referral questions and Dr. Messenger's impressions from the above two areas.  Rating scales may focus on impulsivity or distractibility.  Tests administered may include listening skills and paying attention.  Some process screening may be done, for example, in areas of memory or visual-motor skills.  Other assessment may include self-esteem, anxiety or depression.
Notice:  Leave of Absence Closure
Dr. Messenger will be starting  A Leave of Absence as of Friday, Jan. 20, 2017 for an unspecified time.  Assessments and consultation can be scheduled until then.  The website will remain available for educational purposes, until the office is reopened.

The Early Childhood Evaluation yields a formal written report of the results, which will be mailed to you within several weeks of your appointment. Because this report is confidential, a copy is not typically mailed to a third party.  If there is a compelling reason to send a copy of the report to a third party, this will be done only with signed, written consent from the legal caregiver. This office strictly abides by all current privacy laws. See our HIPPA Policy page for more details.