Brighter Pathways ©  2017

Welcome!. Dr. M.. Our Office. Main Services. Follow-up Services. Interventions. Third Pig Book. Self-Help . The Project. School Confusion. Testing/Diagnoses. Gifted & Talented. Learning Disabilities. ADD/ADHD. Behavior/Emotional. Our Therapy Dogs. Dr. M's Messages. Location/Contact Us.

1237 E. Livingston Street, Suite B

Orlando, FL 32803-5401

Ph: 407-895-0540 ~ Fax: (407) 228-9771

Licenses:  SS00305 ~ MH02676 ~ PCE-9



Most often, a parent, teacher or pediatrician is first to suspect LD.  Actual diagnosis, however, must be done by a specialist ~ usually a school psychologist.  Evaluation  includes these components:

1. Intelligence (IQ) Testing

Establishes a baseline of what a child is capable of doing
Helps rule out low ability
Reveals a general profile of strengths and weaknesses

(See accompanying article, this site: IQ & SUCCESS.)

2. Achievement Testing

Explores specific academic areas, usually reading, writing and math
Examines distinct skills, for example sight vocabulary vs. comprehension
Identifies any gap between actual achievement and expected achievement (based on IQ)

3. Process Testing

Assesses the way a child handles information
Is often complex and time-consuming
Usually taps into:
Auditory Input
Visual Input
Oral Expression
Paper and Pencil Skill

4. Other Testing

Rules out that there are not other contributing factors that may mimic or “look-like” Learning Disabilities.  Here is where the child is screened for ADD/ADHD, anxiety, depression and so on.


The sooner it is detected, the better ~ so that the child can receive special attention and treatment.  Undiagnosed LD can lead to frustration and low self-esteem as children come to see themselves as dumb.  Sometimes deeper emotional problems result, such as aggression, withdrawal or depression.  

At Brighter Pathways, we offer an INTERVENTION

CONSULTATION.  This approach provides

Information about current levels of functioning and can

identify significant discrepancies indicative of

Learning Disabilities.

Notice:  Leave of Absence Closure

Dr. Messenger will be starting  A Leave of Absence as of Friday, Jan. 20, 2017 for an unspecified time.  Assessments and consultation can be scheduled until then.  The website will remain available for educational purposes, until the office is reopened.


Learning Disabilities